Concept and picture from 
http://funnelweb.utcc.utk.edu/~dmdragon/essay.html 
-- link now dead

see generally usmemorialday.org

MEMORIAL DAY AT MARIETTA NATIONAL CEMETERY: The SATURDAY before Memorial Day, Marietta National Cemetery hosts a large and patriotic scouting event commemorating veterans. Arrive before 9:00 a.m. Scouts will each be given 10 flags and brief instructions about the correct way to place a flag on a Veteran's grave. A young man (or woman) will place a flag, back up and salute, then move on to the next grave. One Cub Scout Pack does this every year. It takes about 20 minutes for the large number of scouts to place all of the flags around the cemetery. Because this event occurs after school lets out, it may serve as a summer pack activity. Just show up -- no advance reservations needed.

The Cemetery has a large ceremony on Memorial Day every year and the flag placement is integral to it. The address of the location is: Marietta National Cemetery, 500 Washington Avenue, Marietta, Georgia 30060.

Send a Memorial Day e-card: http://www.usmemorialday.com/

In Memorium
Never Forget the Price of Liberty!

Fin de jour, soleil est allé, 
des collines, des plaines et du ciel
tout est bien, sommeil solid`ment, Dieu est proche

The origin of the bugle call, TAPS, in its present form, has been attributed to the Major General, Daniel Butterfield, who led one of the Army brigades in the of Army the Potomac, during the Peninsular Campaign of 1862. After a particularly hard day of battle (Malvern Hill), as the weary troops settled down for a long night along the James River, near Richmond, Virginia, the bugler sounded "Extinguish Lights", or what more commonly is called, "Lights Out". This evening however, Gen. Butterfield felt that the tune was not as good, as melodious and musical, as it should be. He believed that a day's final call should bring more comfort and peace. With the help of a bugler, Oliver W. Norton, Butterfield composed the music into what we know today as TAPS.
 
Later in the Campaign, as a funeral was held during a lull in the fighting, the bugler played TAPS in place of the volleys (3) that normally were employed to honor the deceased comrade. It was because of the fear that rifle fire might cause the southern troops to renew an attack. The playing of TAPS eventually became a part of military regulations, as a portion of the honors of a funeral.

To the AIRFORCE for WAV file

The notes in "Taps", however, are a slower version of the last five and one quarter bars of the Scott Tattoo, first published in 1835. It was part of the manual of tactics (Volume 1) published in 1859 that all officers (comissioned and non-commissioned) knew well. Scott patterned his system after that of the French. Both Major Norton and General Butterfield confirmed that the General had modified an existing call to the editors of Century Magazine in response to an article appearing in the magazine in 1898.

Thanks and Praise, For our days,
'Neath the sun, 'Neath the stars, 'Neath the sky,
As we go, This we know, God is nigh.

An Apocryphal Story of Taps: All in the United States have all heard the haunting song, "Taps." Many have personal memories associated with that bugle melody. It gives us that lump in our throats; tears in our eyes. Do you know the story behind Taps? If not, I think you will be interested to find out about its humble beginnings.

Reportedly, it all began in 1862 during the War Between the States, when Union Army Captain Robert Ellicombe was with his men near Harrison's Landing in Virginia. The Confederate Army was on the other side of the narrow strip of land. During the night, Captain Ellicombe heard the moans of a soldier who lay severely wounded on the field. Not knowing if it were a Union or Confederate soldier, the Captain decided to risk his life and bring the stricken man back for medical attention. Crawling on his stomach through the gunfire, the Captain reached the stricken soldier, and began pulling him toward his encampment.

When Ellicombe returned to his own lines, he discovered it was actually an enemy soldier who now was dead. The man lit a lantern, suddenly caught his breath, then went numb with shock. In the dim light, he saw finally the face of the young lad. It was his own son. The boy had been studying music in the South when the conflict had begun. Without telling his father, the boy enlisted in the Confederate Army.

The following morning, heartbroken, the father asked permission of his superiors to give this son a full military burial. The Captain asked if he could have a group of Army band members play a funeral dirge for his son at the funeral. The request was turned down since the soldier was a Rebel, but out of respect for the father, Captain Ellicombe was permitted to have only one musician. He chose the bugler to play a series of musical notes, that the father had found on a piece of paper in the pocket of the dead man's uniform. This wish was granted. The haunting melody, we now know as "Taps" ... used at military funerals today was enshrined.

Ten "Official" Taps Verses plus Translations used in Scouting

Memorial Day in the United States is now set for the last Monday in May, eventhough the traditional date is May 30. Memorial Day in 2005 was remembered on the 30th. In 2006 the government holiday fell on the 29th -- the 31st in 2010.

More links

Closing Ceremony
Please, try: http://www.umcscouting.org/reverant/a_taps_closing_ceremony.htm

The rest of the story: from a reader -- “Your observations on "Taps" are [somewhat] erroneous. [The word] "Taps" comes from the 100 Years' War, when the Lowland tavern keepers turned off the beer taps in the evening, saying: "Do Den Tap Toe" (turn off the taps) thus "Tap Toe" or, better known as "Tattoo", a signal by drum, bugle or trumpet for soldiers to repair to quarters.” see http://www.interlynx.net/webfx/tattoo98/history.htm
 
From another reader-April 2003: "As a West Point Graduate, we learned that the origins of Taps came from the early Academy days when the bugle call came at midnight when the beer taps in Highland Falls were ordered to "Taps to" or stop the beer from flowing and send the cadets back to their barracks. Obviously, there is more to the story, but you get the jist.
 
"Not nearly as glamorous, but sometimes the origins of great things start very simply. You are welcome to use my words, but I am sure there are much more eloquent sources. You might try the West Point Association Of Graduates website, http://www.aog.usma.edu/ [OR http://www.west-point.org/taps/Taps.html]. You could probably find an old graduate who could give you a very detailed account of the origin of taps according to West Point.
 
"Great website. I'm proud to be an American and hope that the next Taps I hear are from classmates of mine who have served long, proud lives and have brought Honor and more generations to the Long Gray Line. I've unfortunately heard too many that were sounded too soon."
 
May 30, 1922: The Lincoln Memorial (carved from Georgia marble by Daniel Chester French, who earlier created the monument of James Oglethorpe in Savannah) was dedicated on Memorial Day in Washington, D.C. from http://www.cviog.uga.edu/Projects/gainfo/tdgh-may/may30.htm The Lincoln Memorial was dedicated in Washington, D.C., by Chief Justice William Howard Taft. The Memorial has 48 sculptured festoons above the columns representing the number of states at the time of dedication. The 36 Doric columns in the Lincoln Memorial represent the number of states in the Union at the time of Lincoln’s death in 1865. The limestone and marble edifice, which is situated at the western end of the Mall, was designed by Henry Bacon in the style of a Greek temple.
 
National Moment of Remembrance; 3:00p.m. – Memorial Day 2003 was a time to join with other Americans in a minute of silence (3:00 p.m. local time).
 
President Bush's first stop on Monday, May 27th (Memorial Day 2002) was at Sainte-Mére Eglise, where he and his wife attended a service with French President Jacques Chirac. Later, he visited the US Cemetery overlooking Omaha Beach (Colleville-sur-Mer). He and Chirac placed wreaths at the memorial there. President Bush is the second President to honor the sacrifices made on June 6th 1944, through an on-site Memorial Day remembrance. The first was his father.

"The men of Normandy had faith that what they were doing was right; faith that they fought for all humanity; faith that a just God would grant them {His} mercy on this beachhead, or on the next. It was the deep knowledge -- and pray God that we have not lost it -- that there is a profound, moral difference between the use of force for liberation and the use of force for conquest." R. Reagan (June 6, 1984)

"6 june 1944 -- We don't forget: Thank you from Belgian people for rescue of Europa. We are grateful about this gift of all soldiers of US and GB. My father was prisonner and made 7 evasions from deutsch camps. Thank you to transmit my friendship to the veterans and family and others Sorry about my english knowledge -- Sincerely your's, Best regards" -- Pierre Degardin 6/04/04

For our close friends no other comment is required !!!
 
For more D-Day resources:

http://www.ddaymuseum.org/index.html
http://www.americandday.org/
http://www.dday.org/

http://www.6juin1944.com/ -- Great Pictures {click: L'Espace Historique}
http://www.Normandy1944.info/ -- A great Website that continues to attract more and more people
Poem by Mary E. Frye

http://www.6juin1944.com/cimetier/index.html

Do not stand at my grave and weep
I am not there, I do not sleep.
I am a thousand winds that blow
I am the diamond glints on snow.
I am the sunlight on ripened grain
I am the gentle autumn's rain.
When you awaken in the morning hush,
I am the swift uplifting rush
Of quiet birds in circled flight
I am the soft star that shines at night.
Do not stand at my grave and cry.
I am not there, I did not die. (1932)
Ne tenez et sanglotez pas sur ma tombe
Je me trouve là pas,  je ne dors pas.
Je suis mille vents qui soufflent
Je suis le étincellement des diamants sur neige.
Je suis ce faisceau lumineux lors du blé mûr
Je suis une pluie douce d'automne.
Quand vous vous réveillez et matin se tait,
Je suis l'envol vif-argent
D'oiseaux silencieux qui tourbillonnent
Je suis l'étoile tendre qui scintille dans la nuit.
Ne venez et pleurez pas sur ma tombe
Je ne suis pas là,  je ne suis pas mort.

". . . we trust in the words of the Almighty God, which are inscribed in the chapel nearby: 'I give unto them eternal life, that they shall never perish . . . .' [Je leur donne la vie éternelle; et elles ne périront jamais, et personne ne les ravira de ma main. {Jean 10:28}]" http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/05/20020527-1.html

The Battle of Midway: June 4-6, 1942 -- http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/events/wwii-pac/midway/midway.htm See also http://dingeengoete.blogspot.com/2012/06/this-day-in-history-jun-4-1942-battle.html.

The Battle of Midway began on June 4th. It was Japan’s first major defeat in World War II. Four Japanese aircraft carriers were lost. The carrier USS Yorktown was hit by 3 Japanese bombs and put on tow to Pearl Harbor (June 7th). It was torpedoed three days later and sank in waters 16,650 feet deep. Fifty-six years later it was found (May 19, 1998) by a team led by oceanographer Robert Ballard, who has also found the HMS Titanic and the German Bismarck.

Help RestoreThe Traditional DayOf ObservanceFor Memorial Day

The 3rd Saturday in May -- Armed Forces Day

Memorial Day Tribute

May 27th -- Remembrance day for Venerable Bede 735AD

Ste. Jeanne d'Arc (May 30, 1431) -- est condamnée à être brûlée vive
see also Maid of Orleans

Home of Heroes

A survival story -- A Crash in the Wilderness

[Revised 2:50pm EDT 04/13/06]

Comments?? -- wlaroche.ee73@gtalumni.org

Nous sommes élogieux, pendant nos jours,
sous le soleil, sous les étoiles, sous le ciel,
car nous allons, nous savons, Dieu est proche.