All Saints - Tousaints
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The  VANGUARD --   2019

. . . text and images throughout this Website often contain active links . . ."forsan et hæc olim meminisse iuvabit"

We began our 23rd Year online in May 2019
". . . One Nation under God . . . ."

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History is a gallery of pictures in which there are few originals and many copies -- Alexis de Tocqueville

Slowly rocking the Max Schmeling Halle -- Craft Beer in Italy

Language is not an abstract construction of the learned, or of dictionary makers, but is something arising out of the work, needs, ties, joys, affections, tastes, of long generations of humanity, and has its bases broad and low, close to the ground. Quote from Noah Webster, US writer & lexicographer (10/16/1758 – 05/28/1843)

Some French Cities HERE (and Belgium)
German and Swiss City links

Images of 1916 coinage, Early Roman Emperors, later Roman era, Byzantine Coinage -- Irish Copper Colonial Coinage (US) -- Seventeenth Century British Copper

Maclet -- A Mystery of Art -- Baseball Cards
More Art -- Sunsets -- Cumberland Falls

The past screams to us, but will we listen ???
The article's oldest link (and comments): HERE

A Paris Page -- Some Mountains in Southern France -- Austrian Wines -- German wine growing areas: Rheingau Wine region -- Ahr Wines -- Bad Schussenried

Stamp Link -- Engelberg -- Bremen, Hamburg und Hanover -- Salzburg -- US Gold Coinage (a small sample) -- (New: Spring 2019)

A modern hymn -- Truth is heavy; therefore, few wear it. -- Midrash Shmuel on Avot: 4 (פרקי אבות)

More Verses and Selections: Page 1 -- Page 2 -- Page 3
Passover - Pesach

Stand by the roads, look and ask for the ancient paths, where the good way is; 
walk in that way and find rest for your souls

This is none other than the dwelling place of God,
and this is the Gate of Heaven
This is the Gate of the Lord, the Righteous shall enter into it

And, on the last day, I know that I shall stand,
in my own flesh,
and see God, my Redeemer [Job 19:25-27].
Dieu entendre moi
cri de mon cœur - étrangère
dans mon propre pays {Psalm 69}

Unto Thee {alone}
will I cry, O Lord my Rock
{and my Redeemer}

I was glad when they said unto me, We will go into the house of the Lord  Psalm 122.

There is sprung up a light for the righteous: And joyful gladness for such as are true-hearted [Psalm 97:11].

Beloved, we are now the sons of God, but it doth not yet appear what we shall become;
however, we know that, when He shall return, we shall be like Him; for we shall see Him as He is [1 John 3:2].

Placez-vous sur les chemins, regardez, Et demandez quels sont les anciens sentiers, Quelle est la bonne voie; marchez-y, Et vous trouverez le repos de vos âmes !

June 23, 1683: English Quaker William Penn, an advocate of peace and religious toleration, signs a treaty with Natives of Pennsylvania. Voltaire said the agreement was the only treaty never sworn to and never broken. The treaty was with the Lenni Lenape, a name that belongs to the Algonquian language family, a tribe which the English called the Delaware., see also A legend about the Leni Lenape

The name DELAWARE was given to the people who lived along the river that in turn was named after Lord Thomas Leighton WEST, 3rd Lord de la Warr, one-time governor of the Jamestown {Virginia} colony. The name Delaware later came to be applied to almost all Lenape people. In their language, LENAPE (len-NAH-pay) means something like The People. The Lenapi were among the first Natives to come in contact with the Europeans (Dutch, English, & Swedish) in the early 1600s. The Delaware often are called the Grandfather tribe for its role as a peacemaker, settling disputes among rival tribes. Also known for fierceness and tenacity as warriors, the tribe's preferred path became peaceful relations with other tribes and the new strangers to the land, a characteristic we still have not learned.

June 24th: During the reign of the French King Clovis, the annual summer-solstice pagan event became a religious celebration of the birth of Saint John the Baptist, who is known as the Precursor of Christ, the light of the world – thus the link with the solstice and the bonfires. The festival of Saint-Jean-Baptiste had particular importance for France. The King of France would light the bonfire in the nights of June 23 and 24 in Paris. Once in America, those of French heritage continued to celebrate, by then in a very pious, religious festival with processions, such as in the streets of Quebec City. St-Jean Baptiste became the patron saint of French Canadians as a result of the centuries of recognition and influence from the time of early colonization (1615).

The Catholic Cathedral of St. John the Baptist sits in historic downtown Savannah, Georgia. Founded in 18th Century by French colonists, it stands in contrast to the Huguenot Church in Charlestown SC, established by refugee Protestants from France. Savannah was tolerant of many faiths at this time. Other places in the Colonies of Britain were not. Possibly/probably these were French from Canada (Arcadian) who found comfort in Georgia following their exile after the French & Indian War. Also of interest:

The Christmas Eve issue (2008) of The Wall Street Journal had an article in the last section about the chapel at the Église St-Jean-Baptiste (Picture on the page that is HERE). It begins by saying that Bourbourg is a town typical of the region, which until now was not alone a reason to get off the road from Calais to Dunkerque to visit. The attraction featured involved the intersection of sculpture and architecture, a merger of beauty and functionality, the work of Anthony Caro.

A mid-reign George III SovereignJune 1348 (10th or 24th): Saint George was adopted by Edward III as principal patron of the king's new order of chivalry, the Knights of the Garter. An old story recounts that while the King was dancing with the Countess of Salisbury at a magnificent court ball, the lady lost her garter. As Edward III retrieved it and handed it to her, he noticed several people smiling and indulging in remarks. Becoming angry, he exclaimed in French: Honi soit qui mal y pense (Dishonour be to him who thinks evil of it). Then, he added that he would make the little blue garter so glorious that everyone would wish to wear it. This tale may or may not be true; yet, the Order was founded by King Edward III with its emblem being a dark blue garter, edged in gold, on which are printed the French words that the King spoke.

Some of the founding members include # 1 Edward, Prince of Wales. Known since 1569 as the Black Prince. The hero of the battles of Crécy and Poitiers, he died in his father's lifetime; # 2 Henry (Plantagenêt), styled of Lancaster. Earl of Derby, afterwards Duke of Lancaster, he served in the wars against the Scots, the Dutch, and French, Admiral of the Fleet and Steward of England -- An earlier Henri Plantagenêt was Henry II, King of England; # 3 Thomas (Beauchamp), 3rd Earl of Warwick, Marshal of England, he fought at the battles of Crécy and Poitiers; # 4 Sir John de Grailly, Vicomte de Benanges et Castillon, Captal (i.e. Governor) de Buch, he fought under the Black Prince at Poitiers.

St. George's Day is celebrated on April 23rd, so, in a sense, this is England's national holiday. In modern times, Saint George was chosen by Baden-Powell, founder of the Scouting movement, to be the association's patron. On Saint George's Day, scouts are instructed to remember their Promise and the Scout Law. In the handbook Scouting for Boys, Baden-Powell recounted that the Knights of the Round Table had adopted Saint George as their patron because he was the only one of all the saints who had been a horseman.

In addition to being the Patron Saint of England (Cry God for Harry, England and St. George ! [Henry V, Act 3, Scene 1]), George is the Patron Saint of Aragon, Lithuania, Palestine, Portugal, Germany and Greece. He is the Patron Saint of Catalonia, where legend has it that, after killing the dragon, he gave the princess a red rose and, as a result, on April 23rd it is traditional (especially in the City of Barcelona) for men to give their sweethearts or wives a red rose and the lady in question reciprocates the gesture with the gift of a book. He is also the Patron Saint of Moscow, Istanbul, Genoa and Venice (where he is second in veneration only to Saint Mark), as well as being the Patron Saint of the State of Georgia.

Saint George is the traditional patron of the Orthodox Church. see Constantinople (now pronounced Istanbul) has been the center of the Eastern Christian Church since Constantine moved the Roman capital there in the 4th century. To this day, the city remains the home of the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, who is recognized as the first among equals of all Orthodox spiritual leaders. The Orthodox Patriarchate was briefly headquartered in the Church of the Holy Apostles in the 15th century, but that office soon was transferred to the Theotokos Pammacaristos Church (now Fethiye Mosque). It remained there until 1586, when it moved to St. George Church. The building of Saint George had been part of a monastery before it acceded to the Orthodox Patriarchate.

June 24, 1497: John Cabot in the ship Matthew discovers North America, securing England's claims to the New World. He is from Genoa, but is sailing for the English King, Henry VII. He sets a big foot in Canada, eh.

He was a man of vision, too. John Cabot sought to reach Asia by sailing west across the north Atlantic. He estimated that this would be better than the longer Columbus route. In England, Cabot received the backing which Spain and Portugal had refused him. The merchants of Bristol agreed to support his scheme. They had sponsored probes into the north Atlantic from the early 1480s, looking for possible trading opportunities. Some historians think that Bristol mariners might even have reached Newfoundland and Labrador before Cabot arrived on the scene. English King Henry VII hired John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) to explore the New World for England. That is all we will really know.

It is a mystery what Cabot found on his first successful voyage and even when the discovery occurred, other than to say sometime during June-July 1497 he landed somewhere along the coast of what today is a Canadian province. There is simply no surviving first-hand account of what happened. Cabot would disappear on his last voyage for the English, in search of Japan. -- a fascinating tale told here !!!

The Berlin Airlift begins June 26, 1948

June 24, 1948: West Berlin, Germany, physically located entirely within communist-held East Germany, was isolated completely from the Western world on this day. Joseph Stalin, premier of Soviet Union, who had already cut rail and road access to the city for three months, now blocked all ground and water entry. He cut electric power to the Western sector. Within a few days, the great Berlin Airlift began. U.S. planes flew up to 13,000 tons of goods per day into the city for the next 10 months. Stalin lifted the blockade on May 23, 1949. Berlin--Retracing the Cold War begins at: See also USAFE Berlin Airlift Web Site; more here too. The organization of CARE was involved in the process of giving humanitarian aid, in the face of Soviet domination.

Airlift Map of Germany and Berlin

More Choices -- June 25th: It is sometimes difficult what to choose, if anything, about a day in history. Surely there is something worthy to ponder about every day; but, then one must always ask why ? On June 25, 1876, George Armstrong Custer and the 265 men under his command lost their lives in a skirmish with thousands of native peoples. The Battle of Little Big Horn, often referred to as Custer's Last Stand, concerns several different actions that took place that day in close proximity to one another.

A guerrilla movement in South Korea (ROK) had been quashed, after two years of extensive conflict. Is it coincidence that on the same date in 1950, what has become known as the Korean War began when North Korean troops (DPRK) crossed the 38th parallel at 11 places ? The Security Council of the United Nations called for an immediate cessation of hostilities, and asked the DPRK troops to head back north. At the end of June 1950, the DPRK had taken Seoul and threatened complete dominance of the theater. It was not until July 8th that General Douglas MacArthur became supreme commander of the opposition alliance and the tide turned. Yet even then, it took some effort to get organized, as by September 8th, at its farthest advance, North Korea held most of the Korean peninsula, except for a UN beachhead around Pusan in the southeast. By October 31st the counter-offensive had reached Manchuria and the Chinese border. Intervention by the Peoples Republic (the PRC had a million volunteers to through into the fight) pushed back. The Allied advance retreated to the 38th parallel, where the stalemate that we have today ensued. The war still goes on after 60 years -- in 2010 North Korea sunk a South Korean ship. The US cautions restraint.

Charles Messier (June 26, 1730 - April 12, 1817): The great nebulæ discoverer and cataloger Charles Messier had a long life and accomplished much. He almost discovered Halley's comet, but due to a math error by another, he was looking somewhere else. However, he did find another comet on August 14, 1758, which he followed and carefully observed with telescopes until November 2, 1758. During these observations (on August 28, 1758), he discovered another comet-like patch in the constellation called Taurus. Evidently, it turned out that this patch was not moving, not a comet, but a nebula. He measured its position on September 12, 1758, and it later became the first entry, M1, in his soon-to-be famous catalog. Moreover, this objéct later turned out to be one of the most interesting objects in the sky, the remnant of the supernova of 1054, now commonly called the Crab nebula. It was also this first discovery of a comet-like nebula that triggered Messier to both look for comets with telescopes (thereby inventing comet hunting, a new discipline of astronomy in those days) and to compile his catalog of nebulous-like objects which might be mistaken for comets.

The French Revolution began with the storming of the Bastille on July 14, 1789, and 4 years later, this culminated in the Year of Terror in France, 1793-1794. That year, the French King Louis XVI was guillotined on January 21, and Messier's friend, Assembly President Bouchart de Saron, on April 20, 1794, shortly after he had calculated the orbit of Messier's comet discovered on September 27, 1793, and Messier could notify him secretly that he had found the comet on the calculated path. The terrorism ended when finally Robbespierre himself was guillotined on July 27, 1794. During this time of unrest, Messier lost his salaries and pension, and had to ask for a loan even for oil for his lamp. His family lost its estate during 1793. Messier left France for Italy, but returned to Paris in 1795.

June 27th - a follow-up: The UN Security Council, during the temporary absence of the Soviet representative, who could have vetoed the whole idea, asked members of the United Nations to furnish assistance to the Republic of Korea (ROK-South Korea). The U.S. at once intervened to help stem the illegal North Korean advance that had begun on the 25th. The President ordered the Air and Naval Forces to go to the immediate aid of the South Koreans. He also sent the fleet to Taiwan, in order to keep things cool there. see also Actual hostilities occurred from June 27, 1950 to July 27, 1953. Interestingly, in 2008, on this day, North Korea blows up the cooling tower of one of its nuclear facilities alleged to be used for nuclear bomb making. Most in the media rejoiced at this action as showing North Korea's sincerity about Peace in our Time.

In the morning of the 27th (1950) in Texarkana, Texas, employees at the Red River Arsenal saw an unidentified bright aluminum-colored objéct silently dart across the sky (7:50am local time), heading due south -- a mystery never solved. It was not the only thing going on in 1950: --

June 28th -- A busy date in history, indeed: In 1119, a battle at Sarmada (Syria) saw Emir Ilghazi defeat the French Crusaders. The massacre led to the name of the battle, ager sanguinis, Latin for "the field of blood." Just a few survived, including Walter the Chancellor (of Antioch), who later wrote a first-hand account of the slaughter. The Serbs would lose their independence to the Turks on this day in 1389, blaming the Albanians (a sin never forgiven, which continues in the penance imposed on Kosovo today). In 1914, Arch-Duke Ferdinand, heir to the Austria-Hungary Empire, would be killed in the Balkans (Sarajevo) by Serbian nationalists, leading to the First World War. Exactly five years later (1919) at Versailles, the Allies would impose terms and conditions on the Germans that would lead to the next World-wide conflict. Indeed, Marshall Foch (Head of Allied Forces) is reported to have remarked that the treaty was not one of peace, but only an Armistice for twenty years. Hitler would later relish the change in circumstances by imposing his peace on the French Nation in the same place (June 25, 1940); but, today in Nazi history (June 28, 1934), Hitler would fly to Essen to attend a wedding. But, this is just a prelude to what will be known as the Night of the Long Knives (30th June), which decapitates the SA. By the way, the Serbs aligned with whom during WWII ???
June 28, 2009: Pope Benedict XVI announced that scientific tests (carbon 14) may confirm what Catholic tradition has always held, specifically that the body of the Apostle Paul lies under the papal altar in the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls. The announcement was made today in the basilica during the homily of the First Vespers of the Feast Day of Saints Peter and Paul, which brought the Pauline Year to a close, a year that celebrated 2,000 years since the birth of the Apostle of Tarsus.

June 29, 1721: On Saint Peter's feast day (today called the Solemnity of Saint Peter and Saint Paul, Apostles), some eleven years before the Georgia Colony was established, Johann De Kalb was born in Hüttendorf, (near Erlangen and Nuremburg). In 1777, De Kalb accompanied the Marquis de Lafayette (Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier) and a group of French soldiers to America to fight the British. The Continental Congress made De Kalb a major general in the Continental Army. Major General Johann Kalb, Baron De Kalb, fatally wounded in battle at Camden, South Carolina, died in 1780. In 1822, the Georgia General Assembly recognized the contributions of this Revolutionary War hero by creating DeKalb County. Two sites with information about these two men and other foreign born patriots, who came over to support the American cause: --

French army trained, the Baron de Kalb came to America with earned rank and a title. Yet, he was not a Baron by birth. Born of country farming stock, from a small town of huts, soon he realized that one goes nowhere in the French Army without a title. So Monsieur Baron De Kalb fought with the French during the French Indian War. He was eager to join the American cause against the British; yet, when captured by the British, as he lay dying, it is said that he was treated with profound respect and given top-rate medical treatment in the field.

June 29, 1995: The U.S. Postal Service released a set of 20 Civil War commemorative stamps. Three of the stamps featured Georgia-related subjects: Stand Watie (Georgia-born Cherokee native and Confederate general), General Joseph E. Johnston (who commanded most of the Confederate defense during Sherman's Atlanta Campaign and who later was Confederate commander for Georgia and the Carolinas), and General William T. Sherman (who in 1844 as a young Army officer was stationed in Marietta for six weeks, but is better remembered for his fiery march through Georgia 20 years later).

June 30, 1688: The Immortal Seven issue the Invitation to William of Orange (continuing the English rebellion from Rome), which would culminate in what would be called the "Glorious Revolution" in the same year. His wife Mary would also become his co-ruler, but would not produce an heir. Her sister Anne would follow (she married the Prince of Denmark, who although Protestant could not become King), also childless at her death. Both were the daughters of the deposed James II who fled from Britain. George I of Hannover would follow as King.

Through King James I by way of Elizabeth (Queen of Bohemia) and her husband Duke of Brunswick (then the head of the House of Hanover), George it turns out was a cousin to the Stuart rulers (of whom Anne was the last). He also was of the lineage of King Henry I of England (Henry being a son of William I, England's first Norman King). Thus, on October 20, 1714, Georg Ludwig, Elector of Hanover, was crowned King George I of merry olde England and the rest of Great Britain on the Stone of Scone.

The signatories to the original invitation were:

Thomas Osborne, 1st Duke of Leeds, known at his death as Earl of Danby and Marquess of Carmarthen; Charles Talbot, 1st Duke of Shrewsbury, later Earl of Shrewsbury; William Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Devonshire (later Earl-he had espoused The Hon. Rachel Russell (1674–1725), daughter of William, Lord Russell on June 21, 1688); Richard Lumley, 2nd Viscount Lumley and later, 1st Earl of Scarborough; The Lord Bishop of London (Henry Compton); Admiral of the Fleet Edward Russell, 1st Earl of Orford; Viscount Henry Sydney (Sydney), who wrote the Invitation, later Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (1692–3) --- again bringing to mind the famous maxim: If Treason prospers, none dare call it Treason.

The Bishop of London is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of London in the Province of Canterbury. As Lord Bishops he was one of the Wardens of the City. The See of the diocese is in the City, where the Bishop's seat is located at the Cathedral Church of Saint Paul. The church was founded as a Bishopric cathedral in 604 AD and fully was rebuilt from 1675, following the Great Fire of London (1666). The location of Londinium's original cathedral is uncertain. In 1688 this was a very new structure, a Christopher Wren church. The Bishop of London remains one of the 26 Lords Spiritual in the House of Lords. He has been regarded as the "King's Bishop," historically having a considerable influence with members of the Royal Family and leading politicians of the day. Until the American Revolution, The Lord Bishop of London oversaw the work of the Anglican Church in the 13 Colonies. Henry Compton was nominated on December 6, 1675 and confirmed on February 8, 1676. Henry Lord Bishop Compton died in office on the 7th of July 1713. .Alaska Statehood 2:30pm local time June 30, 1958 
49th Star pinned to Federal Courthouse Flag

June 30, 1785: After a short and unexpected illness, Georgia founder James Edward Oglethorpe passed away at age 88+. At his side was Elizabeth, his wife of 41 years. His death came at Cranham Hall, an Essex estate inherited by his wife prior to their marriage. Only 100 feet away from Cranham Hall is the Parish Church of All Saints, where the Oglethorpe family had maintained membership for four decades. Not only was the general's funeral service held here, but a burial vault for the church's most famous parishioner was created beneath the floor at the center front of the church.

Two of the members of the Corporation of Georgia were Thomas and John LaRoche, was one also Oglethorpe's kin ? John is clearly French, but what of Thomas ? Lady Eleanor Wall's father was Richard WALL of Rathkenny in Tipperary and her mother, Catherine [de la] ROCHE. Catherine's father was Lord Roche. It is said that she was born in Ireland, so one might think she is from that line, upon which Sir Walter Raleigh and his Queen took revenge. In support is : which also claims that Thomas was of Scottish heritage, too. John Drummond of the Scottish Drummond Bank was also a corporate member and treasurer of the royally chartered concern. A few years later an Isaac LaRoche would marry an Elizabeth Drummond, both of Georgia -- Coincidence, or perhaps a not unsubstantial clue about my heritage.

June 30, 1908: An explosion near the Tunguska River in Siberia instantly vaporized much of what occupied some 300 square kilometers, an area that encircled the impact site of an estimated 60 meter diameter stony meteorite. Because the site was remote, it was many years before the first research expeditions were made into the area

The Last Indian-head Cent

A year later on the other side of the world, another explosion of sorts, when 35,000 Baseball fans help to dedicate a new Sports Stadium. The largest assemblage ever gathered at any Ball Park to date, anywhere, enjoyed ideal weather conditions and impressive ceremonies, including concerts by two (count 'em two) marching bands. Brief speeches, as one might expect, preceded the game. The Pittsburgh Pirates hosted the Chicago Cubs, when Forbes Field opened on June 30th (1909). -Do you know which team prevailed that fateful day ? Forbes Field is long gone (last game June 28, 1970), although the home plate that Maz crossed in 1960 still rests in place and under glass at CMU. Indeed, the next ballpark (Three Rivers Stadium) also has been razed. In its place is Heinz Field..

First Lincoln-head cent

June 30, 1958 -- Alaska Statehood: New star added to flag on the US Courthouse in Anchorage.
Stand by the roads, look and ask for the ancient paths, 
where the good way is; walk in that way and find rest for your souls

A Paris area Page -- And Another -- Paris Environs -- Late-winter in Paris 2007 (an impression of what is out in the plain air)

Art in Bercy -- Mont Saint-Michel -- Other Churches and structures -- Art -- Maclet -- Clymer --- Georgia's Golden Isles

Who Were The Pharisees, Sadducees and Scribes? . . . the Essenes? -- Images of Pittsburgh -- Texas
May we also suggest for adventure:

We have obtained ideas from a lot of places, but in particular from (original URL may have changed): -- -- -- -- -- -- --

An historical recounting for the entire months of:  January -- February -- March -- April -- May -- June -- July -- August -- September -- October -- November -- December

More Flags -- Flag Day
Early GA Flag Gwenn Ha Du 
qui est le drapeau breton 
circa 1925* * *  04/25/03  * * * 
a flag based on history, 
but yet looking to the future

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The scrolling digital display shows Universal Time (UTC), which is 5 hours in winter and 4 hours in summer ahead of Eastern and EDT, respectively. So, the summer solstice took place on Friday, June 21, 2013 at 0504 Universal time, which was 1:04 A.M. Eastern Daylight Time and 11:04 P.M. on the 20th, if you were in Casper Wyoming (Mountain Time) at that moment.